Antibacterial effect of using the Er:YAG laser or Er,Cr:YSGG laser compared to conventional instrumentation method — a literature review Alfergany, M.A., Nasher, R. and Gutknecht, N. Lasers in Dental Science Vol. 2(1), pp. 1-12
Evaluation of fibroblast attachment in root conditioning with Er, Cr:YSGG laser versus EDTA: A SEM study Fekrazad, R., et al. Microscopy Research and Technique Vol. 78(4), pp. 317-322
Comparison of periodontal open flap debridement versus closed debridement with Er,Cr:YSGG laser Gupta, M., et al. Australian Dental Journal Vol. 58(1), pp. 41-49
Lasers and the treatment of chronic periodontitis Cobb, C.M., Low, S.B. and Coluzzi, D.J. Dental Clinics of North America Vol. 54(1), pp. 35-53
Er,Cr:YSGG laser application for the treatment of periodontal furcation involvements Ge, L., Zhang, Y. and Shu, R. Photomedicine and Laser Surgery Vol. XX(Xx), pp. 1-6
Periodontal Bone Regeneration and the Er,Cr:YSGG Laser: A Case Report. Dederich, D.N. The Open Dentistry Journal 2013, Vol. 7, pp. 16-9
Periodontal Treatment using the Er , Cr : YSGG Laser. Dyer B, Sung E. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine: 1442.
A pilot study of Er,Cr:YSGG laser therapy used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in patients with early and moderate periodontitis. Kelbauskiene S, Maciulskiene V. Stomatologija, Baltic Dental and Maxillofacial Journal 2007;9(1):21-6.


Treatment of the Contaminated Implant Surface Using the Er,Cr:YSGG Laser Miller, R.J. laser. [Abstract] Implant dentistry Vol. 13, pp. 165-170
Thermal Increment Due to ErCr:YSGG and CO2 Laser Irradiation of Different Implant Surfaces. A Pilot Study Gomez-Santos, L., Arnabat-Dominguez, J., Sierra-Rebolledo, a. and Gay-Escoda, C. Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal Vol. 15(5), pp. e782-e787
Thermal Effects on Zirconia Substrate Aſter Er,Cr:YSGG Irradiation Cassoni, A., Miranda, P.V., Rodrigues, J.A., Heluy, S.C.d.L., Blay, A. and Shibli, J.A. Revista de Odontologia da UNESP Vol. 42(6), pp. 439-443
Periodontal and Peri-implant Wound Healing Following Laser Therapy Aoki, A., et al. Periodontology 2000 Vol. 68, pp. 217-269


Aerosols generation using Er,Cr:YSGG laser compared to rotary instruments in conservative dentistry: A preliminary study Abdelkarim-Elafifi H, Arnabat-Artés C, Parada-Avendaño I, Polonsky M, Arnabat-Domínguez J. J Clin Exp Dent. (2020), doi:10.4317/jced.57731
Hard tissue ablation with a spray-assisted mid-IR laser. Kang H, Rizoiu I, Welch a. Physics in Medicine and Biology 2007; 52:7243-59.
The ablation threshold of Er : YaG laser and Er , Cr : YSGG laser in dental dentin. Lin S, et al. Scientific Research and Essays 2010;5(16):2128-35.
Effects of laser and acid etching and air abrasion on mineral content of dentin. Malkoc M, et al. Lasers in Medical Science 2011; 26(1): 21-27.
Composite resin bond strength to primary dentin prepared with Er;Cr:YSGG laser. Sung E. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry 2005;30(1): 45-49.
Shear bond strength of bonding to enamel with different laser irradiation distances. Başaran G, Hamamcı N, akkurt a. Lasers in Medical Science 2010;26(2): 149-56.
Influence of cavity preparation with Er,Cr:YSGG laser and restorative materials on in situ secondary caries development. Jorge, A.C.T., Cassoni, A., Freitas, P.M.D., Reis, A.F., Brugnera Junior, A. and Rodrigues, J.A. Photomedicine and laser surgery Vol. 33(2), pp. 98-103
Comparative study of carious dentin removal by Er,Cr:YSGG laser and Carisolv Kinoshita, J.-I., Kimura, Y. and Matsumoto, K. Journal of Clinical Laser Medicine & Surgery Vol. 21(5), pp. 307-315
Evaluation of phase, microstructure and composition of human dentine after Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation Lin, S., Pan, D., Lin, Q., Yin, S., Chen, D., Liu, Q., Yu, L. and Lin, Z. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Vol. 11(3), pp. 2421-2426
Effect of acid and laser etching on shear bond strength of conventional and resin-modified glass-ionomer cements to composite resin Navimipour, E.J., Oskoee, S.S., Oskoee, P.A., Bahari, M., Rikhtegaran, S. and Ghojazadeh, M. Lasers in Medical Science Vol. 27(2), pp. 305-311
Enhancement of bonding to enamel and dentin prepared by Er,Cr:YSGG laser Obeidi, A., McCracken, M.S., Liu, P.-R., Litaker, M.S., Beck, P. and Rahemtulla, F. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine Vol. 41(6), pp. 454-462
Pulpal thermal responses to an Erbium, Chromium: YSGG pulsed laser hydrokinetic system Rizoiu, I., Kohanghadosh, F., Kimmel, A.I. and Eversole, L.R. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology Vol. 86(2), pp. 220-223
Microleakage of composite resin restorations in cervical cavities prepared by Er,Cr:YSGG laser radiation Shahabi, S., Ebrahimpour, L. and Walsh, L.J. Australian Dental Journal Vol. 53(2), pp. 172-175
Microtensile bond strength of a resin- based fissure sealant to Er,Cr:YSGG laser-etched primary enamel Sungurtekin-Ekci, E. and Oztas, N. Odontology Vol. 104(2), pp. 163-169
Bactericidal effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser on Streptococcus mutans Türkün, M., Türkün, L.S., Celik, E.U. and Ateş, M. Dental materials journal Vol. 25(1), pp. 81-6
Clinical comparison of bur- and laser-prepared minimally invasive occlusal resin composite restorations: two-year follow-up Yazici, A.R., Baseren, M. and Gorucu, J. Operative Dentistry Vol. 35(5), pp. 500-507
Effects of Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers on dentine hypersensitivity. Short-term clinical evaluation Aranha, A. and Eduardo, C.P. Lasers in Medical Science Vol. 27, pp. 813-818
In vitro effects of Er,Cr:YSGG laser on dentine hypersensitivity. Dentine permeability and scanning electron microscopy analysis Aranha, A.C.C. and Eduardo, C.D.P. Lasers in Medical Science Vol. 27(4), pp. 827-834
The effect of different enamel surface treatments on the microleakage of fissure sealants Baygin, O., Korkmaz, F.M., Tüzüner, T. and Tanriver, M. Lasers in Medical Science Vol. 27(1), pp. 153-160
Effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser parameters on shear bondstrength and microstructure of dentine Chou, J.-C., Chen, C.-C. and Ding, S.-J. Photomedicine and laser surgery Vol. 27(3), pp. 481-486
Analysis of Surface Roughness of Enamel and Dentin after Er,Cr:YSGG Laser Irradiation Hossain, M., Nakamura, Y., Yamada, Y., Suzuki, N., Murakami, Y. and Matsumoto, K. Journal of Clinical Laser Medicine & Surgery Vol. 19(6), pp. 297-303

Soft Tissue

Histologic evaluation of thermal damage produced on soft tissues by CO2 , Er,Cr:YSGG and diode lasers Cercadillo-ibarguren, I., et al. Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal Vol. 15(6), pp. 912-918
Er,CR:YSGG lasers induce fewer dysplastic-like epithelial artefacts than CO2 lasers: An in vivo experimental study on oral mucosa González-Mosquera, a., et al. The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery, pp. 5-9
Treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis with Er,Cr:YSGG laser irradiation: A randomized controlled split mouth clinical study Yilmaz, H.G., et al. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology Vol. 170, pp. 1-5
Treatment of peripheral ossifying fibroma using Er,Cr:YSGG laser: Report of two cases Arora, S., et al. International Journal of Laser Dentistry Vol. 3(3), pp. 94-99
Unifocal orofacial granulomatosis in retromolar mucosa: surgical treatment with Er,Cr:YSGG laser Castelo-Baz, P., et al. Journal of clinical and experimental dentistry Vol. 6(2), pp. e189-92
A comparative study of wound healing following incision with a scalpel, diode laser, or Er,Cr:YSGG laser Jin, J., Lee, S. and Yoon, H. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica Vol. 68(4), pp. 5
Comparative study of upper lip frenectomy with the CO2 laser versus the Er, Cr:YSGG laser. Pié-Sánchez J, et al. Medicina Oral Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal 2011
Treatment of gingival pigmentation with Er,Cr:YSGG laser. Berka G, aticib K, Berke N. The Journal of Oral Laser applications 2005;5(4)


Bactericidal activity of Er,Cr:YSGG laser in root canals. Arnabat J, et al. Lasers Medical Science 2010;25: 805-810


Diode laser (980 nm) as adjunct to scaling and root planing. Borrajo J, et al. Photomedicine and Laser Surgery 2004;22(6): 509-12
Gingival curettage study comparing a laser treatment to hand instruments. Lin J, et al. Lasers in Medical Science 2011;26(1): 7-11
Treatment of periodontal pockets with a diode laser. Moritz A, et al. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine 1998;22(5): 302-11

Pain Therapy

A systematic review of low level laser therapy with location-specific doses for pain from chronic joint disorders. Bjordal J, et al. The Australian Journal of Physiotherapy 2003;49(2): 107-16
Evaluation of low-level laser therapy in the treatment of temporomandibular disorders. Cetiner S, Kahraman S, Yücetaş S. Photomedicine and Laser Surgery 2006;24(5): 637-41
Measurements of jaw movements and TMJ pain intensity in patients treated with GaAlAs laser. Mazzetto M, Hotta T, Pizzo R. Brazilian Dental Journal 2010;21(4): 356-60
Low-level laser therapy for pain caused by placement of the first orthodontic archwire: a randomized clinical trial. Tortamano A, et al. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2009;136(5): 662-7
Maximising gingival aesthetics using lasers. Walsh L. Australasian Dental Practice (August): 48-51.